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Volume-3 Issue-4: Published on February 25, 2015
Volume-3 Issue-4: Published on February 25, 2015
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S. No

Volume-3 Issue-4, February 2015, ISSN:  2319–6378 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.



Ravi Raj, Yogesh Shriram Solunke

Paper Title:

A Modified RSA Cryptosystems and Analysis

Abstract:  As the growth of the Internet and electronic commerce have brought to the forefront the issue of privacy in electronic communication. Large volumes of personal and sensitive information are electronically transmitted every day. In this paper we present modified RSA algorithm and analysis for secure data transmission. The security of RSA public key cryptosystem is based on the assumption that factoring of a large number (modulus) is difficult. In RSA if one can factor modulus into its prime numbers then the private key is also detected and hence the security of the cryptosystem is broken.  Encryption is the standard method for making a communication private with RSA Algorithm. In which one public key and one private have introduced, resulted from two prime number introduced. Here we have introduce n Prime number with evolve method in a modified RSA cryptosystem to provide security over the networks. So, the security of RSA public key cryptosystem is increased due to increase in difficulty of the factoring of a large number (modulus) with increase in prime number and this technique provides more efficiency and reliability over the networks.

  Key, Encryption, Decryption, n prime numbers, RSA Algorithm.


1.       Ajay Kakkar, M. L. Singh and P. K. Bansal, "Comparison of Various Encryption Algorithms and Techniques for Secured Data Communication in Multinode Network", International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 2 No. 1, pp. 87-92, January 2012
2.       Behrouz A Forouzan, "Data Communications and Networking", McGraw-Hill, 4th Edition.

3.       Xin Zhou, Xiaofei Tang, “Research and  Implementation of RSA Algorithm  for Encryption and Decryption”, IEEE The 6th International Forum on Strategic Technology, 2011, Volume 2, page 22-24.

4.       Davis, R, “The data encryption standard in  perspective”,  Communications Society Magazine,  IEEE, 2003, pp. 5 – 9, ISSN 0148-9615.

5.       Shashi Mehrotra Seth, Rajan Mishra, "Comparative Analysis of Encryption Algorithms for Data Communication", International Journal of Computer Science and Technology,  June 2011, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 292-294.

6.       Rajan.S.Jamgekar, Geeta Shantanu Joshi, “File Encryption and Decryption Using Secure RSA”, International Journal of Emerging Science and Engineering (IJESE), February 2013, Volume-1, Issue-4, ISSN: 2319–6378.

7.       S. Sharma, P.  Sharma, R. Shankar Dhakar, “RSA Algorithm Using Modified Subset Sum Cryptosystem”, Computer and Communication Technology (ICCCT), 2011 2nd International Conference, Sept. 2011, pp. 457 - 461

8.       Yunfei Li, Qing Liu, Tong Li, “Design and implementation of an improved RSA algorithm” E-Health Networking, Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (EDT), 2010 International Conference  (Volume:1 ), April 2010, pp. 390 – 393.




Omar AL-Masari, Musa AL-Masari

Paper Title:

Enhancement of Small Signal Stability of Wind Farms by Using STATCOM and HVDC Link

Abstract:   Small signal instability problems in wind farms often lead to power system blackouts. This paper reports a comprehensive study of small signal stability in three different types of wind generator when coupling to a power system: doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG), squirrel cage induction generators (SCIG) and permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG). Time-domain analysis and Eigenvalue analysis were used to identify small signal instability problems in wind farm power systems. A static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) and power system stabilizer (PSS) was modelled and applied to the power system to enhance small signal stability. In addition, the performance of high voltage direct current (HVDC) and high-voltage alternating current (HVAC) links was examined in connecting the wind farm to the grid. The results show improvement in small signal stability by using HVDC rather than HVAC. The IEEE 14 Bus test system and all simulation models were implemented using the DIgSILENT PowerFactory software tool. 

Wind Turbine Generators, Small Signal Stability, Oscillatory Stability, Eigenvalue analysis, SCIG, PMSG, DFIG, STATCOM, PSS, HVDC, HVAC, IEEE 14 Bus test system, DIgSILENT PowerFactory.


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Tasnim N. Shaikh, Satyajeet Chaudhari, B. H. Patel, Megha Patel

Paper Title:

Study of Conductivity Behavior of Nano Copper Loaded Nonwoven Polypropylene Based Textile Electrode for ECG

Abstract: ECG technique is employed in medical science for measuring electrical activity of the heart. This technique often criticized for skin irritation due to the wet gel media applied on the body. The condition becomes more crucial for long-term monitoring. Wet electrodes need to be replaced with dry one and in that disposable form. Textile electrode is a potential choice for the purpose. Many reports are also available where knitted and woven polyester, nylon; cotton and acrylic fabrics were used as conductive electrode. The desired conductivity was imparted by conductive material surface treatment for woven or using conductive steel filaments in knitted.  But due to higher stiffness they sound uncomfortable on use. The present research therefore designed to develop highly conductive textile material with better comfort properties. Polypropylene nonwoven fabric, a most versatile, economical and highly preferred base material in medical textile is used for the purpose. It is loaded with different concentrations of copper Nano particles. The prepared polypropylene nonwoven fabric was then characterized using polarized microscope and FTIR technique. The electrical conductivity of copper loaded textile was measured by Precision Multimeter 8846A tester. Better conductivity is observed with increased deposition.

Electrocardiogram, FTIR, Conductivity, polypropylene, Nano particles.


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4.       Chattopadhyay, D.P. and Patel, B.H., Effect of nanosized colloidal copper on cotton fabric, Journal of Engi Fib Fab, Vol 5, No 3, 2010, pp 1-6.

5.       Chattopadhyay, D.P. and Patel, B.H., Modification of cotton textiles with nanostructural zinc particles, Journal of Natural Fibres, Vol 8, No 1, 2011, pp 39-47.

6.       Patel, B.H and Patel, P. N, Synthesis and application of nano-sized SiO2 to textiles: A review, International Dyer, Vol 5, 2012, pp 35-39.

7.       Chaudhari S.B., Mandot A.A. and Patel B.H., Functionalized nano-finishing to textiles using Ag nano-colloids, Melliand International, 15(5-6) (2009), 214-216.

8.       Mandot A.A., Chaudhari S.B. and Patel B.H., Nanocomposite: Manufacturing and applications in textiles, Melliand International, 18(3) (2012), 188-189.

9.       Chattopadhyay D.P. and Patel B.H., Preparation, characterization and stabilization of nano sized copper particles, Interantional Journal of Pure & App. Sci. & Tech., 9(1) (2012), 1-8.

10.    Chaudhari S.B., Mandot A.A. and Patel B.H., Effect of nano TiO2 pretreatment on functional properties of cotton fabric, International Journal of Eng. Res. and Devt., 1(9) (2012), 24-29.

11.    Patel B.H. and Chattopadhyay D.P., Nano-particles & their uses in textiles, The Indian Textile Journal, 118(3) (2007), 23-31.

12.    Bhattacharya S.S. and Chaudhari S.B., Change in physico-mechanical and thermal properties of polyamide/silica nanocomposite film, International Journal of Eng. Res. and Devt., 7(2013), 1-5.

13.    Raut S.B., Vasavada D.A. and Chaudhari S.B., Nano particles-Application in textile finishing, Man-made textiles in India, 53(12), 2010, 7-12.

14.    Chaudhari S.B., Shaikh T.N. and Pandey P., A Review on Polymer Tio2 Nanocomposites, International Journal of Engineering Research and Application, 3 (5), 2013, 1386-1391.

15.    Patel B.H., Chaudhari S.B., Patel P.N., Nano silica loaded cotton fabric; Characterization and Mechanical testing, Research Journal of Engineering Sciences, 3 (4), 2014, 19-24.

16.    Chaudhari S B, Patel B H and Mandot A A, Effect of nano TiO2 pretreatment on functional properties of cotton fabric, International Journal. of Eng. Res. and Devt., 1(9), 2012, 24-29.

17.    SS Bhattacharya, SB Chaudhari, Study on Structural, Mechanical and Functional Properties of Polyester Silica Nanocomposite Fabric, International Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences and Technology, 21 (1), 2014, 43-52.

18.    P.J.Xu, H.Zhang and X.M.Tao, Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong(2008).

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Pushpalata Pujari, Babita Majhi

Paper Title:

A Survey on Odia Character Recognition

Abstract:  Recognition of Odia handwritten and machine characters and numerals is an emerging area of research and finds extensive applications in banks, offices and industries. Very little standard research work has been reported on recognition of handwritten and machine characters and numerals. This paper makes an in depth study on the existing literature on recognition of machine and handwritten Odia characters and numerals. The key steps [44] such as preprocessing, segmentation, feature extraction and classification involved in the recognition process of Odia characters are dealt in details. The well known techniques employed for segmentation, feature extraction and classification tasks of Odia characters are reviewed and their relative strengths and weaknesses are outlined. The paper also discusses the current trends and future research scope in the area of Odia character recognition. It is expected that this paper will be useful to those who will be interested to work in the fields of recognition of Odia characters.

Preprocessing, Segmentation, Feature extraction, Classification, Post Processing


1.       Soumya Mishra, Debashish Nanda , Sanghamitra Mohanty , Oriya Character Recognition using Neural Networks , Special Issue of IJCCT Vol. 2,3,4, 2010 for International Conference (ICCT-2010), pp. 88-92.
2.       B. B. Chaudhuri, U. Pal and M. Mitra, Automatic recognition of printed Oriya script, Sadhana (27) (Part 1) (February 2002), 23–34.

3.       Debananda Padhi, Novel Hybrid approach for Odia Handwritten Character Recognition System ,International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering , 2 (5)  (May 2012) 150-157.

4.       Jyotsnarani Tripathy, Reconstruction of Oriya Alphabets Using Zernike Moments, International Journal of Computer Applications, 8(8) (October 2010) 26-32

5.       Pradeepta K. Sarangi,   Ashok K. Sahoo,  P. Ahmed, Recognition of Isolated Handwritten Oriya Numerals using Hopfield Neural Network, International Journal of Computer Applications , 40(8) (February 2012) 37-42.

6.       Pradeepta K. Sarangi, P. Ahmed, Recognition of Handwritten Odia Numerals Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques, The International Journal of Computer Science & Applications (TIJCSA), 2(2) (April 2013) 41-48.

7.       N.Tripathy and U. Pal, Handwriting segmentation of unconstrained   Oriya text,  Sadhana,  31(6)( December 2006), 755–769.

8.       Debasish Basa and Sukadev Meher, Handwritten Odia Character Recognition, National conference on Recent Advances in Microwave tubes , Devices and Communication, System ,JNIT , Jaipur, March4-5 2011.

9.       K. Roy and U. Pal, Word-wise Hand-written Script Separation for Indian Postal automation, In : Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition , (2006) 521-526.

10.    Mamata Nayak,  Ajit Kumar Nayak, Odia Characters Recognition by Training Tesseract OCR Engine,  International Conference in Distributed Computing & Internet Technology (ICDCIT-2014), International Journal of Computer Applications (2014)  25-30.

11.    Bhagirath Kumar, Niraj Kumar, Charulata Palai,  Pradeep Kumar Jena,  Subhagata Chattopadhya, Optical Character Recognition using Ant Miner Algorithm: A Case Study on Oriya Character Recognition,  International Journal of Computer Applications , 61(3)  (2013)17-22.

12.    Debananda Padhi, Debabrata Senapati, Sasmita Rout, Morphological Approach for Extracting Single Character from Odia Handwritten Text: A survey, International  Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Development (IJETED) , 2(2)(2012) 138-146.

13.    Pradeepta K. Sarangi, P. Ahmed and Kiran K. Ravulakollu, Naïve Bayes Classifier with LU Factorization for Recognition of Handwritten Odia Numerals, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 7(1) (January 2014)35-38.

14.    Rasmi Ranjan Das,  Swati Sucharita Das, Shom Prasad Das, Support Vector Machines for Odiya Handwritten Numeral Recognition, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, 4( 9) (2013),139-143.

15.    Manoj Kumar Mahto, Archana Kumari and S. C. Panigrahi, A System for Oriya Handwritten Numeral Recognition for Indian Postal Automation, International Journal of Applied Science & Technology Research Excellence   1(1)(Nov-Dec 2011) 17-23

16.    Priyaranjan Behera, Odia Offline Character Recognition,Thesis,2012, , Access Date : 12/09/14

17.    Avijeeta Mohanty , Debananda Padhi, Soumya Mishra, A Novel WVD Approach for Estimating  and  Correcting Skew angle of Odia Handwritten Document Image, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering,  2(3)( 2012)175-181

18.    Peeta Basa Pati  , A.G.Ramakrishnan, U.K.Aravinda Rao, Machine Recognition of Printed Oriya Characters,In: Proceedings of  III International Conference on Information Technology ICIT 2000, Bhubaneshwar, Decemeber 21-23, 2000, pp. 227-232.

19.    T.K.Mishra, B.Majhi, S.Panda, A comparative analysis of image transformations for handwritten Odia numeral recognition, In : proceedings of IEEE International Conference on  Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI), Mysore,22-25 Aug, 2013, pp. 790-793.

20.    D. Senapati, S. Rout and  M. Nayak, A Novel Approach to Text Line and word Segmentation on Odia Printed Documents , In : Proceedings of IEEE Third International Conference on Computing Communication and Networking Technologies 2012, 6th - 28th  July 2012, pp.1- 6.

21.    Sukhpreet Singh, Optical Character Recognition Techniques: A Survey, Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, 4(6 )(June 2013)545-550.

22.    S.D.Meher and D. Basa, An Intelligent Scanner with Handwritten Odia Character Recognition Capability ,In: proceedings of IEEE Fifth International Sensing Technology(ICST),  Palmerston North  ,Nov 28 2011-Dec.1 2011, pp 53-59.

23.    U.Pal, T. Wakabayashi, F.Kimura , A System for Off-Line Oriya Handwritten Character Recognition Using Curvature Feature, In: Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Information Technology(ICIT) 10th  ,Orissa,  17-20 Dec.2007, pp: 227-229.

24.    B. Majhi, J. Satpathy , M.Rout, Efficient Recognition of Odia Numerals using Low Complexity Neural Classifier,  2011, IEEE International Conference on Energy, Automation and Signal (ICEAS), Bhubaneswar,30-Dec,pp.1-4

25.    T. K. Bhowmik, S. K. Parui, U. Bhattacharya and B. Shaw, An HMM based Recognition Scheme for Handwritten Oriya Numerals,In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information Technology(ICIT ), Bhubaneswar,India, S. P. Mohanty & A. Sahoo (Eds), IEEE Computer Society Press, December 18-21, 2006, pp. 105-110.

26.    K.Roy, T.Pal, U.Pal, F.Kimura, Oriya handwritten numeral recognition system,In: Proceedings of IEEE Eigth International Confernece on Document Analysis and Recognition ,29 Aug-1 Sept,2005, pp.770-774.

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28.    N. Tripathy, M. Panda, U. Pal, System for Oriya handwritten numeral recognition, In: Proceedings of Document Recognition and Retrieval XI, San Jose, California; December 15, 2003; pp. 174-181.

29.    Mansi Shah and Gordhan B Jethava , A Literature Review on Hand Written Character Recognition ,Indian  Streams Research Journal ,3(2)(2013) 1-19.

30.    Youssef Bassil and Mohammad Alwani, OCR Post-Processing Error Correction Algorithm U sing Google's Online Spelling Suggestion, Journal of Emerging  Trends in Computing and Information Sciences,  3( January 2012),90-99 .

31.    Debanandan Padhi and Debabrata  Senapati, Zone Centroid Distance and standard Deviation Based Feature Matrix for Odia Handwritten Character Recognition, In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing ,Springer 199(2013) 649-658.

32.    Swati Nigam and Ashish Khare, Multifont Oriya Character Recognition using Curvelet Transform, Information systems for Indian languages, Communication in computer and information science,  139(2011)150-156.

33.    Chandana Mitra, Arun K. Pujari, Directional Decomposition for Odia Character Recognition, Mining Intelligence and Knowledge Exploration , Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 8284 (2013) 270-278.

34.    C. Bihari, Babita Majhi and G. Panda, A critical review on offline handwritten Odia character recognition techniques, In: Proceedings of International Conference on Emerging Trends in soft Computing and ICT, GG Central University, Bilaspur, 16-17, March 2011, pp.86-89.

35.    Z. Shi and V. Govindaraju, Skew Detection for Complex Document Images/using Fuzzy Runlength, In: Proceeding of 7th ICDAR, 2003, pp. 715-719.

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37.    K. Mahata, Optical Character Recognition for Printed Tamil Script, Master’s Thesis, Department of Electrical Communication and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, 2000.

38.    Gaurav Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Bhatia and Indu, Analytical Review of Preprocessing Techniques for Offline Handwritten Character Recognition, International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences ,3 (3)(July, 2013)14-22.

39.    Nafiz Arica and Fatos T. Yarman-Vural, An Overview of Character Recognition Focused on Off-Line Handwriting, IEEE Transactions on Systems, man and Cybernetics-Part C: Applicaions and Reviews, 31( NO. 2) (2001) 216-233.

40.    K. Mahata and M.Rama Krishnan, Precision Skew Detection through Principal Axis, In proceedings of International Conference on Multimedia on Processing and Processing, IIT Chennai, Aug 13-15, 2000,pp.186-188.

41.    Iping Supriana*, Albadr Nasution, Arabic Character Recognition System Development, The 4th International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics (ICEEI 2013, Procedia  Technology 11 ( 2 0 1 3 ) 334 – 34.

42.    Amit Choudhary, Rahul Rish, Savita Ahlawat, “Off-Line Handwritten Character Recognition using Features Extracted from Binarization Technique “,2013 AASRI Conference on Intelligent Systems and Contr, AASRI Procedia 4 ( 2013 ) 306– 312.

43.    Hacene Belhadef, Mohamed Khireddine Kholladi, Aicha Eutamene, Ontology of  graphemes for Latin character recognition, 2011 International Conference on Advances in Engineerin, a Engineering 24 (2011),579-584.

44.    Anju K Sadasivan, T.Senthilkumar, Automatic Character Recognition in Complex Image, International Conference on Communication Technology and System Design 2011, Procedia Engineering 30 ( 2012 ) 218 –225

45.    Amit Choudhar, Rahul Rishi,  Savita Ahlawa, A New Character Segmentation Approach for Off-Line Cursive Handwritten Words , Information Technology and Quantitative Management (ITQM2013, Procedia Computer Science 17 ( 2013 ) 88 –95

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48.    Vijay Laxmi Sahu, Babita Kubde, Techniques using Neural Network: A Review,  International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 2 Issue 1, January 2013, pp:87-94,  India Online ISSN: 2319-7064

49.    Meher.S, .D,  An intelligent scanner with handwritten odia character recognition capability, Sensing Technology(ICST), 2011 Fifth International Conference, Palmerston North  on Nov 28 2011-Dec.1 2011, pp 53-59, ISSN: 2156-8065, Print ISBN:978-1-4577-0168-9, Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ICSensT.2011.6137038

50.    Sanghamitra Mohanty, Himadri Nandini Das Bebartta, Performance Comparison of SVM and K-NN for Oriya Character Recognition, (IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Special Issue on Image Processing and Analysis,pp:112-116




Gaurav Jambhulkar, Vibhor Nitnaware, Manisha Pal, Neha Fuke, Purva Khandelwal, Pallavi Sonule, Sneha Narnawre, V. P. Katekar

Paper Title:

Performance Evaluation of Cooking Stove Working on Spent Cooking Oil

Abstract: This paper deals with the use of spent cooking as a fuel in kerosene stove In order to avoid the reuse of spent cooking oil for cooking which has adverse effects on the health of human being, corrective steps are needed to be taken. With an approach of alternative fuel for kerosene pressurized cooking stove, blends of kerosene and spent soya bean cooking oil of various proportions have been prepared. These samples were tested one by one in an existing kerosene pressurized cooking stove at various pressures. From the study, it has been found that at 1.5 bar pressure, efficiency of 50% proportion of spent soya bean oil with 50% proportion of kerosene is better than pure kerosene.

kerosene stove, spent soya bean oil, magnetization, efficiency, calorific value.


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6.       Dan Li, WenjunFang , “Preparation And Stability Of Silver/Kerosene Nanofluids” , Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Weifang University, Weifang , Shandong Province , 261061, China. Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou, Zhejiang  Province, 310027, China Corresponding author. Danli : ; Wenjun Fang .Received March 22, 2012; Accepted July 2,2012.Copyright©2012 Li and Fang; licensee Springer (Nanoscale Res Lett. 2012; 7(1): 362.PMCID: PMC3464727)

7.       R. Natarajana , N. S. Karthikeyana , Avinash Agarwaal, K. Sathiyanarayanan, “Use Of Vegetable Oil As Fuel To Improve The Efficiency Of Cooking Stove”, Energy Centre, School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore 632 014, IndiaChemistry Division, School of Science and Humanities, Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore 632 014, IndiaReceived 7 June 2007; accepted 30 January 2008 ,Available online 28 March 2008 (ScienceDirect Renewable Energy 33 (2008) 2423-2427)

8.       Y. Nagaraju, Dr. Lasya Gopal, “Development and Performance Assessment of a Pressurized Cook Stove Using a Blend of Pongamia Oil and Kerosene”, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Southern Regional Centre, 4thMain, 2nd Cross, Domlur 2nd stage, Bangalore – 560 071.

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