International Journal of Emerging Science and Engineering (TM)
Exploring Innovation | ISSN:2319–6378(Online)| Reg. No.:68120/BPL/CE/12 | Published by BEIESP | Impact Factor:4.72
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Volume-4 Issue-8: Published on February 25, 2017
Volume-4 Issue-8: Published on February 25, 2017

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Volume-4 Issue-8, February 2017, ISSN:  2319–6378 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

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Md. Tusar Ali, Iqubal Hossain, Md. Abdul Gaffer

Paper Title:

Manufacturing of Silica Refractories from Locally Available Sand

Abstract: The investigation implies the use of silica sands, available in Bangladesh, as raw materials for silica bricks manufacturing and compare their properties with specification requirement in order to use these raw materials in manufacturing silica bricks to support the application in lining of induction furnaces and kilns, ladles in metallurgical industries and to replace the imported silica brick. This silica sands containing silica, alumina and excess amount of iron-oxide has been suitable for these bricks made by employing a simple hand mould pressing and sintering process. The production of silica refractory bricks from local sand have been remarkably changed by the addition of various amount of additives. The method for the preparation of these bricks has consisted of mixing the local sand with CaO (slurried lime). This lime acts as a binder and mineralizes in order to convert the free quartz to tridymite and crystobalite. The various properties of silica bricks are found to change with the addition of lime.

 Silica %, Refractory, Refractoriness and CaO (slurried lime)              


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3.    Baume, P.K., Production and Properties of Supper duty of Solid. Refractories, PP 6-1, (1986).
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6.    Mahmud Alam, “Effect of Grog on the properties of Fireclay Refractory”, B.Sc. Engineering thesis, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, pp 2-3, (January 2008).

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8.    Sidney H. Avner, “Introduction To Physical Metallurgy” Published by Tata McGraw-Hill publishing company Limited, pp 620, Sixteenth reprint 2006.




Michael Kwabena Kwakye-Okyere

Paper Title:

Innovatively Utilizing Cloud Computing To Minimize Challenges to Small and Medium Enterprises’ (SMEs) Business Operations

Abstract: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are very important business entities that contribute immensely to economies of the world, unfortunately SMEs have challenges in their business operations compared with the bigger firms and find it difficult to survive in a dynamic global economy. Survival, growth and success of SMEs are the priority of every nation especially in developing economies. The aim of this paper is to introduce Cloud Computing as an IT solution for SMEs by identifying the key features, benefits and how CC can be strategically employed. CC as an advanced Technology can enhance SME business operations and make them competitive in a dynamic global market by reducing cost through a more scalable IT infrastructure model, reengineer business processes through the application of PaaS, SaaS, IaaS, CaaS, NaaS and be innovative in order to keep up with current trends. Reviewing existing literature on CC in the form of books, journals and articles showed that SMEs in developed economies’ reliance on cloud computing help improved their business operations significantly. The major outcome of using CC is that SMEs are able to reduce both capital and operational expenditures associated with IT Infrastructure, improve their business operations and be innovative.

Cloud Computing (CC), Innovation, IT Infrastructure, Reengineering, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), SME Business Operations     


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4.    Ayyagari, Meghana., Thorsten Beck, Asli Demirgüc-Kunt (2003), “Small and Medium Enterprises across the Globe”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3127, August, Washington D.C.

5.    Ambrust, M., Fox, A., Griffith, R., Joseph, A., Katz, r., Konwinski, A., Lee, G., Patterson, D., Rabkin, A., Stoica, I. and Zaharia, M., 2009, Above the Clouds: A Berkeley View of Cloud Computing, UC Berkeley RAD Systems Labs.

6.    Sotomayor, B., Montero, R., Llorente, I. and Foster, I., 2009, Virtual infrastructure management in private and hybrid clouds, IEEE Internet Computing, 13(5):14:22.

7.    Armbrust, M., Fox, A., Griffith, R., Joseph, A.D., Katz, R., Konwinski, A., Lee, G., Patterson, D., Rabkin, A., Stoica, I. and Zaharia, M. (2010). A View of Cloud Computing, Communications of the ACM, 53, 4, 50-58.

8.    Saroj Kar (2015a) Enterprises Migrating IT Infrastructure Investments to the Cloud – IDC Report. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from

9.    Saroj Kar (2015b) Enterprises Migrating IT Infrastructure Investments to the Cloud – IDC Report. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from




Gifty Love Cromwell

Paper Title:

Cloud Computing: a Tool for the Development of SME’s

Abstract:  Cloud Computing has emerged an effective Information technology engine.  This has become imperative due to advancement and technology innovation and its adoption for enterprises, businesses and organizations to aid them stay competitive. After a normative study, comparing and contrasting problems SME’s face in their quest for development, this research found out lack of funds and IT needs as in infrastructure as greater problem in all spheres of life which researchers have mentioned CC to be the solution to it but as to how SME’s could migrate to CC has been scarce or a lacking factor.  This research,  however, contributes to a body of knowledge and existing literatures on CC bringing out a lucid and conceptual evidence to aid the none existence or scarcity of information on whether CC is new and how SME’s can migrate into CC. It tries to explain what development means in SME’s perspective, it further finds the key factors that influence the success and failure of SME’s, and the role CC can play in the development of SME’s.  In addition it talks about CC, some additional features, types, some service providers of CC, implementation and deployment models and its advantages. It further provides the business perspective of cloud computing vs. virtualization and related technologies of CC and finally presents ways SME’s could migrate into CC which are guidelines for SME’s especially in  Sub-Saharan African’s development since technology is now the drive force.  Future research will consider the technological use and empirical security measures of CC.

Cloud Computing, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SME’s), Development, Technology Innovation, Virtualization, Migration.


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4.        Thomas, 2004:1,2.  In: Sofia, (2012) – Analysis of the situation and factors for development of SME’s in Bulgaria: 2011-2012.

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7.        Uguwushi B. I., (2009) A comparison between; United Kingdom and Nigeria.  In: Arinaitwe S. K (2006) Factors Constraining the Growth and Survival of Small Scale Businesses. A Developing Countries Analysis. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 8(2): 167-179.

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9.        Cheng H. et al., (2014) Analysis on financial difficulties for SME’s due to Asymmetric Information. Retrieved from:

10.     Mba O. A. and Cletus I.E. Issues, Challenges and Prospects of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Port-Harcourt City, Nigeria.  In: Aremu, M. A. and Adeyemi, S.A. (2011).Small and Medium Scale Enterprises as A Survival. Joshua A and Peter Q (2010). Issues in SME Development in Ghana and South Africa. In (Steel and Webster, 1991; Aryeetey, 2001), (Hassbroeck, 1996; Berry et al., 2002), (CSS, 1998; Ntsika, 1999; Gemede, 2000; Burry et al., 2002).  Retrieved from:

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Mohd. Khanapi Abd Ghani, Ali Fahem Neamah

Paper Title:

The Adoption of Electronic Health Record Model for Healthcare Organizations in Iraq: An Overview

Abstract: Electronic health record (EHR) is an essential healthcare innovation related to many controversies regarding the challenges and benefits to different stakeholders. The adoption of EHR innovation is a complicated task as discussed by the literature; thus, careful consideration and planning to all crucial factors that affect the adoption process through healthcare staff members is required. The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors that influence the adoption of EHR frameworks in healthcare institutions. These include challenges, barriers, methods and best practices EHR implementation in developed and middle-east countries. The study was performed utilizing a non-experimental study exploratory research design. This exploratory study included an essential investigation about secondary data. Through reviewing the literature of the existing frameworks, it is hope that the findings could be used as inputs for proposition of e-health records framework in Iraq. It was noted that the health section in Iraq needs continued attention to get government support. 

  EHR, IT adoption, Healthcare information system, E-Health, EMR, EHR adoption.


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2.        Anderson, G. F., Frogner, B. K., Johns, R. A., & Reinhardt, U. E. (2006). Health care spending and use of information technology in OECD countries. Health affairs, 25(3), 819-831. 

3.        Archer, N., & Cocosila, M. (2011). A comparison of physician pre-adoption and adoption views on electronic health records in Canadian medical practices. Journal of medical Internet research, 13(3), e57. 

4.        Ayers, D. J., Menachemi, N., Ramamonjiarivelo, Z., Matthews, M., & Brooks, R. G. (2009). Adoption of electronic medical records: the role of network effects. Journal of Product & Brand Management, 18(2), 127-135. 

5.        Ben-Zion, R., Pliskin, N., & Fink, L. (2014). Critical success factors for adoption of electronic health record systems: literature review and prescriptive analysis. Information Systems Management, 31(4), 296-312. 

6.        Berner, E. S., Detmer, D. E., & Simborg, D. (2005). Will the wave finally break? A brief view of the adoption of electronic medical records in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 12(1), 3-7. 

7.        Boonstra, A., & Broekhuis, M. (2010). Barriers to the acceptance of electronic medical records by physicians from systematic review to taxonomy and interventions. BMC health services research, 10(1), 1. 

8.        Chang, I.-C., & Hsu, H.-M. (2012). Predicting medical staff intention to use an online reporting system with modified unified theory of acceptance and use of technology. Telemedicine and e-Health, 18(1), 67-73. 

9.        Cohn, K. H., Berman, J., Chaiken, B., Green, D., & Scherger, J. E. (2009). Engaging physicians to adopt healthcare information technology. Journal of Healthcare Management, 54(5), 291. 

10.     Cucciniello, M., Lapsley, I., Nasi, G., & Pagliari, C. (2015). Understanding key factors affecting electronic medical record implementation: a sociotechnical approach. BMC health services research, 15(1), 1. 

11.     Culler, S. D., Fleming, N. S., Ballard, D. J., McCorkle, R., & Becker, E. R. (2011). The financial and nonfinancial costs of implementing electronic health records in primary care practices. Health affairs, 30(3), 481-489. 

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13.     David, H. U., & Steffie, W. (2005). Hope and hype: predicting the impact of electronic medical records. Health affairs, 24(5), 1121-1123. 

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15.     DesRoches, C. M., Rao, S. R., Donelan, K., Campbell, E. G., Miralles, P. D., & Jha, A. K. (2011). Electronic health records in small physician practices: availability, use, and perceived benefits. JAMIA, 18(3), 271-275. 

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20.     Galt, K. A., Bramble, J. D., Siracuse, M. V., Abbott, A. A., Drincic, A., Paschal, K. A., & Fuji, K. T. (2010). The relationship between physician practice characteristics and physician adoption of electronic health records. Health care management review, 35(1), 55-64. 

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24.     Holden, R. J. (2010). Physicians’ beliefs about using EMR and CPOE: in pursuit of a contextualized understanding of health IT use behavior. International journal of medical informatics, 79(2), 71-80. 

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27.     Jenter, C., Kaushal, R., Bates, D., Mills, S., Volk, L., Burdick, E., . . . Simon, S. (2009). Imminent adopters of electronic health records in ambulatory care. Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics, 17(1), 7-15. 

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39.     Menachemi, N. (2006). Barriers to ambulatory EHR: who are'imminent adopters' and how do they differ from other physicians? Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics, 14(2), 101-108. 

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Saeed Khodary M. Hamouda, Reda. H. Abo El-Ezz, Mohammed E. Wahed

Paper Title:

Intelligent System for Predicting and Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

Abstract:  Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the breast, it is called breast cancer. Breast cancer is one of the major death causing diseases of the women in the world. Every year more than million women are diagnosed with breast cancer more than half of them will die because of inaccuracies and delays in diagnosis of the disease. High accuracy in cancer prediction is important to improve the treatment quality and the survivability rate of patients. This paper, presents a Rough Set Theory (RST) as an efficient and intelligent technique, to analyze breast cancer dataset, approximate set classification, and improve the accuracy of diagnosis with limited attributes. (RST) estimates the risk of the breast cancer at the earlier stage, and may help researchers and consultants for predicting and diagnosis of breast cancer early.

  Breast Cancer, Diagnosis, MATLAB, Predictive, Rough Set Theory, Survivability.


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Yalla Hareesh, Yelithoti Sravana Kumar

Paper Title:

Design and Operation of 4X1 Low Power Multiplexer using Different Logics

Abstract: Low power and high speed digital circuits are basic needs for any of digital circuit. Multiplexer is a basic circuit for any digital circuit. In this paper, different techniques of multiplexer designs like Complementary CMOS, Transmission gate, Pass transistor logic, Dual Pass transistor logic styles and Gate Diffusion Input has been introduced and their comparison on the basis of power, delay and Area (number of transistor) is done. A low power Multiplexer has been introduced which consumes least power as compare to above mentioned logic but have more delay as compare to other ,On the basis of these analyses it is concluded that proposed multiplexer is better technique for designing an low power low area Multiplexer design but it has high delay as compare to other Multiplexer.



1.     "Design And Simulation Of 4*1 Mux Based On Low Power Design Techniques"- volume 2 Issue 2 March-April 2015
2.     "Design of Low power multiplexers using different Logics"- Vol.- 4, Issue – 2 pp 2229 – 6646

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Gadi Appala Naidu, Yelithoti Sravana Kumar

Paper Title:

Design & Study of a Low Power High Speed Full Adder using GDI Multiplexer

Abstract: This paper proposes a new method for implementing a low power full adder by means of a set of Gate Diffusion Input (GDI) cell based multiplexers. Full adder is a very common example of combinational circuits and is used widely in Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs). It is always advantageous to have low power action for the sub components used in VLSI chips. The explored technique of realization achieves a low power high speed design for a widely used subcomponent- full adder. Simulated outcome using state-of-art simulation tool shows finer behavioral performance of the projected method over general CMOS based full adder. Power, speed and area comparison between conventional and proposed full adder is also presented.

 Low power full adder, 2-Transistor GDI MUX, ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit), 12-TFA, CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor


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Suad Mohammad Ali Abdullah Abul

Paper Title:

Impact of Weather on Aviation

Abstract:  This paper presents the effects of climate change and weather conditions on the air transport sector.  And also examined turbulent weather conditions and their relationship to aircraft operations as well as the influence of dry and wet seasons on weather parameters of rainfall, thunderstorm and fog at the Port Harcourt International Airport. The aim was to identify which weather parameter affects aircraft operations which entails flight delay, cancellation and diversion.

Introduction Atmosphere-Climate-Weather- Winds- Visibility- Ceiling-Steam Fog-Ice Fog- Thunderstorms-Snow-Icing and conclusion


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