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Volume-6 Issue-5, July 2019, ISSN: 2319-6378 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication

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1.

Authors:

Priyanka Shaktawat, Parvati Bhurani

Paper Title:

A Review: Phylogeny Construction Methods

Abstract: In bioinformatics, the phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary pathway that gives the relationship between various organisms. Phylogenetics act as an important tool of bioinformatics as it handle huge biological data in the form of evolutionary trees. This relationship can be inferred on the basis of the heritable traits such as nucleotide or protein sequences. The phylogenetic tree can be constructed using different methods: WPGMA, UPGMA, neighbor joining, maximum parsimony or etc. Phylogeny has become the central part of bioinformatics and can be used in different fields to solve their respective problems such as forensics, drug discovery, and vaccine development etc.

Keywords: Bioinformatics, WPGMA, UPGMA, Neighbor Joining, NCBI.

References:

  1. Walter M. Fitch, “Distinguishing Homologous from Analogous Proteins”, Systematic Zoology, Volume: 19, 2001.
  2. Baldauf SL, “Phylogeny for the faint of heart: a tutorial”, Trends in Genetics, 2003 June.
  3. Pevsner, “Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution”, 2003.
  4. Durbin R., S. Eddy, A. Krogh and G. Mitchison, “Biological Sequence Analysis: Probabilistic Models of Protein and Nucleic Acid”, Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  5. Philippe Lemey, Marco Salemi and Anne- Mieke Vandamme, “The Phylogenetic Handbook: A Practical Approach to Phylogenetic Analysis and Hypothesis Testing”, ISBN 978-0-51171963-9, Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  6. National Centre for Biotechnology Information databank website (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/).

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2.

Authors:

Sajan Sharma, Gurvinder Singh

Paper Title:

Enhancing the Strength Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete with Fiber Reinforcement

Abstract: Self-compacting concrete is one that is flow able by its own. The SCC is suitable for placing in dense reinforcement structures. It is a new generation performance concrete known for its outstanding deformity and high resistance to bleeding. The concrete is frail material which is comparatively tough in compression but fragile in tension. The tensile strength of concrete is improved by addition of fibers in the concrete mix. The addition of such fibers has negative consequence on the workability of concrete. Various types of fibers are used in concrete to provide the higher flexural strength and better tensile strength. In this research steel fibers are used to provide a better strength as compared with normal reinforced concrete. Steel fiber in SCC significantly improves its flexural strength, improved tensile properties, reduce cracking and improve durability. In this research the investigation of steel fiber in SCC to enhance the strength properties of SCC. The objective of the study was to determine different properties of SCC with steel fiber at different proportions. The experimental investigation was took on the freshly mixed and hardened properties of SCC of various mix with the different variations of fiber 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75% and 1% by using Viscosity Modified Agent (VMA) 1.5% of cement material by using M25 grade of concrete. In this research a series of tests were carried out for workability like slump cone test, U funnel, V funnel, L box test on SCC to check freshly mix properties like flow-ability, filling-ability, and passing-ability and hardened properties like compressive strength, split-tensile strength and flexural strength respectively and test were conducted at the age of 7Days, 14Days, 28Days on the SCC. The advantage of adding steel fiber in self-compacting concrete is that it enhances its overall strength.

Keywords: SCC- Self Compacting Concrete, KN- Kilo Newton, KG- Kilogram, M- Meter, CTM- Compression Testing Machine. 

References:

  1. Parvathy Sunil A. (2017) “Experimental study on the shear behavior of basalt fiber reinforced concrete beams with steel and BFRP stirrups”.
  2. AfifuddinMohammad (2016) “Shear behaviour of fiber foam reinforced concrete beams”. Proscenia engineering 171 (2017) 994-1001.
  3. Ahmed Gulzar (2016) “Use of steel fiber as reinforcement material with concrete” ISSN 2278-5299.
  4. ChakarabortyJayanta (2016) “International journal of shear strength of self-compaction concrete deep beam” E-ISSN 0976-3945.
  5. VandewalleLucie (2016) “Shearbehaviour of steel fiber reinforced self-compacting”.
  6. “International journal of self compacting fiber reinforcement” by ChakrabortyJayanta (2016) ISSN 2348-8352.
  7. Zagon Raul (2015) “Shearbehavior of UHPC concrete beams proscenia technology” 22(2016)122-126.
  8. Ragab (2014) “Behavior of steel fiber reinforced high strength self compacting concrete beams under combined bending and torsion” ISSN 0976-4399.
  9. Mrs. S.A. “Performance of steel fiber reinforced self compacting concrete”. International journal of computational engineering research (ijceronline) Vol- 2 Issue.4. (2014).
  10. ShahanaSheril P.T “Self compacting concrete using steel fiber”. International journal of engineering and research. (IJERT) (2013).
  11. Mueller Torstein(2013)“Investigation shear transfer between vibrated and self-compacting concrete in reinforced concrete” construction proscenia engineering 57(2013)398-406.
  12. Vinayak B. “Flexural behavior of self compacting high strength fiber reinforced concrete” (2013). International journal of engineering research and applications.
  13. H Okamura and M Ochi (2013) “Self compacting concrete” Journal of advanced concrete technology.
  14. S (2012) “Experimental studies on shear behaviour of reinforced geo-polymer concrete thin webbed T- beam with and without fiber” ISSN 0976-4399.
  15. Milind V. Mohod“Performance of steel fiber reinforced concrete”. IJCS ISSN (2012).
  16. H.K Kang &W.Kim (2010) “Shearbehavior of steel fiber reinforced lightweight concrete beams”. ISBN 978-89-5708-182-2.
  17. Shah D.L (2010)“Evaluation of shear strength of self compacting concrete deep beam”. E-ISSN 0976-3945.
  18. P SriniasaRao G K “Flexural behavior of reinforced concrete beams using self compacting concrete”. Conference on our world in concrete and structures. (2009).
  19. Indian Standard Code of Practice “Concrete Mix Proportioning – Guidelines IS 10262:2009.
  20. Thomas T.C Hsu (2008) “Shear behaviour of prestressed beams with steel fiber self compacting”.
  21. N“Strength and behavior of steel fiber reinforced self compacting concrete in flexure”. International conference on advance in concrete (2005).
  22. Rui D. Neves (2005) “Compressive strength of steel fiber reinforced concrete”.
  23. EFNARC (2005) the “European guidelines for self compacting concrete production, specifications and uses”.
  24. M L Gambhir Concrete Technology theory and practice Mc Grew Hill publication. 5th edition (2003).
  25. “ACI journal of shear strength of reinforced concrete” Part 1 by Rahal in (2000).
  26. Nagaraj T.S. (2002) “Compressive study of steel fiber concrete”. ACI material journal.
  27. Oh B.H. (2002) “Flexural analysis of reinforced concrete beams col joints.” (ASCE).
  28. ACE Committee 544, State-of-the-Art Report on “Fiber Reinforced Concrete”, ACI concrete international, 4(5):9-30(May,2000).
  29. Naaman, A.E., “Fiber Reinforced for concrete”, ACI concrete international, 7(3):21-25(March, 2000).

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