Assessment of Land Use/Land Cover Changes in Jind District of Haryana in a Period of 1.5 Decade using RS and GIS Approach
Aleenjeet Sheoran1, Parveen Sharma2, Manoj Yadav3, M. P. Sharma4

1Aleenjeet Sheoran, Research scholar, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engg., GJUS&T, Hisar , Haryana, India.
2Parveen Sharma, Professor, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engg., GJUS&T, Hisar , Haryana, India.
3Manoj Yadav, Assistant Scientist, HARSAC, Hisar, Haryana, India.
4M. P. Sharma, Assistant Scientist, HARSAC, Hisar, Haryana, India

Manuscript received on December 11, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2013. | Manuscript published on December 25, 2013. | PP:26-30 | Volume-2 Issue-2, December 2013. | Retrieval Number: B0604122213/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: The present paper assesses change in land use/land cover in Jind district of Haryana in a period of 1.5 decades(1992-2008) using remote sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS).For the study, Land use/Land cover (LULC) maps of two different years i.e. 1992-1993 and 2007-08, were prepared using multi-date satellite data. Land use/Land cover maps were prepared by digitization of different features through visual interpretation on satellite imagery using GIS software, after geometric correction of the satellite imageries. The total geographical area of Jind district was 274893 hac and it was categorized in built-up land, agricultural land, wasteland, water bodies, forest and transportation. The satellite data used for year 1992-93 was IRS-IA/IB LISS-I data with 72m resolution, however satellite data for year 2007-08 was IRS-P6 LISS-III data with 23.5m resolution. The agricultural land increased between 1992-93 and 2007-08, whereas fallow land decreased in the prescribed time period. There was an increase in built-up land from 1992-93 to 2007-08. The area under wasteland decreased due to increase in agricultural land and reclamation of salt-affected and waterlogged lands. The paper concludes that with the passage of time built-up increased with increase in human population and also man has reclaimed some wasteland and converted it to agricultural land to increase production for this increasing population.