Nutritive Values of Some Non-Conventional Leafy Vegetables of Ethnic Sources from Nagaland, N.E. India
Dimple Gogoi1, Ratul Ch. Rajkhowa2, A.K Handique3

1Dimple Gogoi, Department of Zoology, G. U., Gauhati University; Guwahati 781014, Assam, India,
2Ratul Ch. Rajkhowa, Department of Zoology, Cotton College, Guwahati, Gauhati University; Guwahati 781014, Assam, India,
3A.K Handique, Department of Biotechnology, Gauhati University; Guwahati 781014, Assam, India,

Manuscript received on March 11, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on March 15, 2014. | Manuscript published on March 25, 2014. | PP:14-17 | Volume-2 Issue-5, March 2014. | Retrieval Number: E0700032514/2014©BEIESP

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Abstract: Major nutritional components as well as calorific values were estimated for nine non- conventional wild leafy vegetables traditionally used by various tribal communities of Nagaland. Different plant types were covered in the study viz herb – Eryngium foetidum, Polygonum microcephalum; shrub – Gentum gnemon, Rhynhotechum ellipticum, Zanthoxylum oxyphylum, Zanthoxylum acanthopodium, Skimmia arborescens, Lycianthus pachypetala and tree – Rhus semialata. Crude protein contents were very impressive in the range of 11.65% in S. arborescens to 28.54% in E. foetidumI. All the species were very rich in total mineral in the form of ash content which varies from 7.0% in P. microcephalum to 19.69% in S. arborescens. Crude fibre were found in apparently highamount and varied from 12.50% in Z. oxyphylum to 26.59% in G. gnemon. Total carbohydrate and lipid content were comparatively low with limited variability. Calorific value exhibited wide variability n the range of 98.21 K cal/100 gm in S. arborescens to 168.44 K cal/100gm in G. gnemon
Keywords: Non-conventional food plants, crude protein, carbohydrate, lipid, crude fibre, ash content, calorific value.