Microcontroller Based Drip Irrigation System
D. Kotaiah Swamy1, G. Rajesh2, M. Jaya Krishna Pooja3, A. Rama Krishna4

1D.Kotaiah Swamy, Final Year B.Tech, ECE, K L University, Vaddeswaram, AP, India.
2G.Rajesh, Final Year B.Tech, ECE, K L University, Vaddeswaram, AP, India.
3M.Jaya Krishna Pooja, Final Year B.Tech, ECE, K L University, Vaddeswaram, AP, India.
4A.Rama Krishna, Associate Professor B.Tech, Dept. Of ECM, K L University, Vaddeswaram, AP, India.
Manuscript received on March 11, 2013. | Revised Manuscript Received on March 12, 2013. | Manuscript published on March 25, 2013. | PP: 1-4 | Volume-1, Issue-6, April 2013. | Retrieval Number: E0213031513/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In the field of agriculture, use of proper method of irrigation is important and it is well known that irrigation by drip is very economical and efficient. In the conventional drip irrigation system, the farmer has to keep watch on irrigation timetable, which is different for different crops. The project makes the irrigation automated. With the use of low cost sensors and the simple circuitry makes this project a low cost product, which can be bought even by a poor farmer. This project is best suited for places where water is scares and has to be used in limited quantity. Also, third world countries can afford this simple and low cost solution for irrigation and obtain good yield on Crops. UART controller that will be used in this project. A 16×2 LCD is connected to the microcontroller, which displays the humidity level and ambient temperature. Three pushbuttons are provided to set the limits of humidity for switching the individual solenoid valves controlling the water flow to the field. The humidity and temperature levels are transmitted at regular time interval to the PC through the RS232 serial port for data logging and analysis. The humidity sensors are constructed using aluminium sheets and housed in easily available materials. The aim is to use the readily available material to construct low cost sensors. Five relays are controlled by the microcontroller through the high current driver IC, ULN2003. Four relays are provided for controlling four solenoid valves, which controls the flow of water to four different parts of the field. One relay is used to shut-off the main motor which is used to pump the water to the field.
Keywords: UART, IC, ULN2003, 16×2 LCD.