Seismic Study of Multistorey Building using Floating Column
Sreadha A R1, C.Pany2

1Sreadha A R*, Civil Engineering Department, Amal Jyothi College of Engineering & Technology, Kanjirapally, India.
2Dr. C.Pany, Engineer, VSSC, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.
Manuscript received on April 05, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on April 12, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2020. | PP: 6-11 | Volume-6 Issue-9, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijese.G2334026720 | DOI: 10.35940/ijese.G2334.046920
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Abstract: Columns rest on the beam without foundation are called floating column. They are used commonly in multi-storey buildings which are purposed to hold parking at ground floor or open halls at higher floors. Discontinuation within the load transfer path is seen in this column. Thus they are designed for gravity loads. But these structures aren’t designed for earthquake loads. In present scenario structures with floating column may be a common characteristic in urban India. However in tectonic areas, this type of structure is not preferred due to discontinuity of load transfer path i.e. whole earthquake load on the structure is shared by the shear walls without any loads on the floating columns. This paper review the nature of a multi-storey building under quake forces with and without of floating columns. This analysis focus the importance of specially identifying the presence of the floating column within the study of the struture, establish its correlation with the building without a floating column using designing software Extended three dimensional analysis of building systems (ETABS). This paper also discusses the performance of structure having floating column in seismically active areas. Besides these various parameter such as maximum displacement, effect on number of storey on drift, base shear are also studied.
Keywords: Floating columns, Equivalent static analysis, Storey displacement, Storey drift , Base shear , Etabs.