Manuscript received on 03 May 2023 | Revised Manuscript received on 23 May 2023 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 June 2023 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2023 | PP: 1-15 | Volume-11 Issue-7, June 2023 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijese.G25520611723 | DOI: 10.35940/ijese.G2552.0611723
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Zenodo | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The field of computer forensics emerged in response to the substantial increase in computer-related crimes occurring annually. This rise in criminal activity can be attributed to the rapid expansion of the internet, which has provided perpetrators with increased opportunities for illicit actions. When a computer system is compromised and an intrusion is detected, it becomes crucial for a specialized forensics team to investigate the incident with the objective of identifying and tracing the responsible party. The outcome of such forensic efforts often leads to legal action being taken against those accountable for the wrongdoing. The methodology employed in computer forensics continually evolves alongside advancements in crime approaches, particularly as attackers leverage emerging technologies. To ensure the accuracy of forensic investigations, it is imperative that the scientific knowledge underlying the forensic process be complemented by the integration of technological tools. A plethora of hardware and software options are available to facilitate the analysis and interpretation of forensic data, thereby enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of investigations. While the fundamental objectives of computer forensics primarily involve the seamless preservation, identification, extraction, documentation, and analysis of data, the widespread adoption of this discipline is contingent upon the law enforcement community’s ability to keep pace with advancements in computing technology. Furthermore, the prevalence of diverse computer devices resulting from the emergence of microcomputer technology also plays a crucial role in shaping the field of computer forensics. This research paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of computer forensics, encompassing advanced methodologies and detailing various technology tools that facilitate the forensic process. Specific areas of focus include the analysis of encrypted drives, disk analysis techniques, analysis toolkits, investigations involving volatile memory, and the examination of captured network packets. By exploring these aspects, this paper aims to contribute to the existing body of knowledge in the field of computer forensics and support practitioners in their pursuit of effective investigative techniques.
Keywords: Computer Forensics, Encompassing Advanced Methodologies
Scope of the Article: Computer Science and Its Applications