Utilization of Rice Bran Oil and Ethanol blend in a Single Cylinder DI Diesel Engine
Gagandeep Singh1, Er. Rupinder Singh2, Gurpreet Singh Batth3
1Er. Gagandeep Singh, M Tech (Mechanical Engineering) student of Rayat and Bahra Institute of Engineering and Bio-Technology, Kharar, Punjab. He did is B.tech from the same college. India.
2Er. Rupinder Singh is presently associated with Rayat and Bahra Institute of Engineering and Bio-Technology, Kharar, Punjab. He did his M Tech from Punjabi University,Patiala, and B Tech from RIET, Railmajra. Punjab, India.
3Er. Gurpreet Singh Batth, is presently associated with Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology, Sector 26, Chandigarh. He did is M Tech from Rayat Institute of Engineering and Information technology, Ropar, Punjab, India.
Manuscript received on August 11, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on August 15, 2013. | Manuscript published on August 25, 2013. | PP: 25-28 | Volume-1, Issue-10, August 2013. | Retrieval Number: J04190811013/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The two alarming situations in front of the engineers worldwide are to reduce the load on conventional fuels and to reduce the ever increasing environmental pollution. This study is aimed to investigate experimentally the performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a diesel engine when fuelled with blends of rice bran oil and ethanol, over the entire range of load on the engine. The experiments were conducted on widely used diesel engine without major modifications. Experiment results shows that at full load condition, the RBO, RBO90, RBO80and RBO70 blends produce 1.9%, 4.1%, 7.8% and 6.2% higher brake thermal efficiency than sole Diesel respectively. The level of CO decreases with 26% at full load conditions with RBO80. The % of hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide emissions increases with the increase of ethanol in blends but the hydrocarbon emissions were still lower than that of diesel fuel. The use of rice bran oil as fuel in diesel engine is recommended for the use in diesel engine with ethanol blends on the basis of the results obtained from the study.
Keywords: Biodiesel, Rice Bran Oil, Transesterification, Ethanol, Performance, Emissions.