Experimental Analysis of Washing and Rubbing Fastness of Cotton Fabric Processed With Recycled Wastewater Using Different Dyes
1N.P. Sonaje, Deputy Registrar, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra India.
2M.B. Chougule, Associate Professor, Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, Maharashtra India.
Manuscript received on August 11, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on August 15, 2013. | Manuscript published on August 25, 2013. | PP: 29-37 | Volume-1, Issue-10, August 2013. | Retrieval Number: J04200811013/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Water is essential natural resource for sustaining life and environment, which is always thought to be available in abundance and free gift of nature. Textile industries are one of the major consumers of water and disposing large volumes of effluent to the environment. The textile industry utilizes abundant water in dyeing and finishing processes. There is need to adopt economical practices for the use of water in textile industries. It has been estimated that 3.5 % of the total cost of running the industry is required for water utilization in textile industry. In India textile units are developed all over the country in the form of small industrial estates. Textiles are manufactured to perform a multitude of functions. They are produced to a range of specifications using a variety of fibers, resulting in a complex waste or effluent. Textile waste occurs in a variety of forms throughout production process. Therefore, the cost of water is rising steeply and the textile mills, which need a large quantity of water, have started taking measures to conserve and recycling. Wastewater can be recycled and used in textile wet processing. This paper focuses on Experimental analysis of Washing and Rubbing fastness of cotton fabric processed with recycled municipal wastewater using different dyes. Fastness values of fabric are compared with fabric processed with recycled water, ground water and municipal tap water.
Keywords: Washing fastness, rubbing fastness, cotton fabric, recycled municipal wastewater.