Literature Review on Effects of Lateral Forces on Shallow Foundations
Pallavi R. Kulkarni1, Tejashri R. Sambre2

1Pallavi R. Kulkarni, Department of Civil Engineering, Pune University, Nashik, Maharashtra, India.
2Tejashri R. Sambre, Department of Civil Engineering, Pune University, Nashik, Maharashtr, India.
Manuscript received on August 01, 2015. | Revised Manuscript received on August 06, 2015. | Manuscript published on August 25, 2015. | PP:10-14 | Volume-3 Issue-10, August 2015. | Retrieval Number: J10250831015

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Abstract: Foundations of any building or structure shall be designed and constructed to withstand safely all the dead, imposed and wind loads without impairing the stability or inducing excessive movement to the building or of any other building, street, land, slope or services. Shallow footings are subjected to lateral forces induced by earthquake movements, wind loads, water wave pressure, lateral earth pressure, and transmitting power cables. In some structures such as water front structure, earth retaining structure and transmitting power structures, the lateral forces acting on the footings may be dominant. Building only with shallow foundation may overturns under earthquake load. The seismic risk mitigation is one of the greatest challenges of the Civil Engineering and an important contribution toward this challenge can be given by the Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering. Design of foundations in seismic areas needs special considerations compared to the static case.
Keywords: Shallow foundation, earthquake, symmetry of footings, lateral forces.